Welsh Springer Spaniel
The Welsh Springer Spaniel is a descendant of the English Springer
Spaniel, who is the founder of all the English hunting spaniels.
In fact the Clumber and the Sussex Spaniel, the Welsh Springer Spaniel,
the Field Spaniel, the Irish Water Spaniel, and the Cocker Spaniel
all developed from the English Springer in Wales, probably before
1300 AD. At one time all of these dogs were considered "Cockers"
or "Cocking Spaniels" and were interbred.
Hunters started to divide the dogs into categories of Land Spaniels
and Water Spaniels and the Welsh Springer was labelled as a Land
Spaniel. The Welsh Springer Spaniel was given the name "Welsh
Cocker". In the late 1800s the Welsh was separated into a different
breed than the English Springer. The Welsh Springer was bred to
find and spring at the game. Hardy, they were able to work in all
types of weather and terrain, had great stamina on the hunt and
could work for hours without resting.
The Welsh Springer has a tendency to wander too far from the hunt
field, and therefore it is necessary to give it constant training
- beginning at about six months of age. The jolly disposition of
the Welsh Springer makes him a fine companion and family dog. Some
of the Welsh Springer's talents include: gun dog, tracking, hunting,
retrieving and watchdog.
The Welsh Springer Spaniel is a compact, medium-sized, working
dog. The slightly rounded head is in proportion to the body with
a slightly domed skull. The fairly square muzzle is about as long
as the skull, but never longer. The nose is either black or any
shade of brown with well open nostrils. The teeth meet in a scissors
or level bite. The oval eyes are dark to medium brown in colour.
The long ears are set at eye level, hanging close to the cheeks
fringed with hair. The top line is level. The tail is docked if
the animal is to be a working dog. The soft, flat, straight or wavy
coat is medium in length with feathering on the back of the legs,
chest belly, with lighter feathering on the ears and tail. Coat
colours come in red and white in any pattern, sometimes with ticking.
The Welsh Springer Spaniel is loyal and willing to please. Happy
to be with their family they are good with children and love to
be included in activities. They are smaller with a lower energy
level than their English Springer Spaniel ancestor.
These dogs are independent and need an owner who displays pack
leadership or they may not listen to known commands and can become
overly protective. So as not to be reserved with strangers these
dogs should be socialised well when young. They are sensitive to
the tone of one's voice and will not listen if they sense that they
are stronger minded than their owner but nor will they respond well
to harsh discipline.
Owners need to be calm with a natural authority. The Welsh Springer
Spaniel must be trained early to hunt, so they learn to use their
skills in a positive manner, listening to commands and learning
not to wander. The hunting instinct of this dog will always be with
it therefore working with his natural ability, rather than against
it, will be in you and your dogs best interest. The Welsh Springer
Spaniel is Generally good with other dogs and household pets.
Height: 43-48 cm Bitches 41-46 cm.
Weight: 18-20 kg Bitches 16-20 kg Health Problems
The Welsh Springer Spaniel can be prone to hip dysplasia, epilepsy
The Welsh Springier Spaniel can live in a flat or smaller dwelling
as long as it is sufficiently exercised. It is fairly active indoors
and will do best with the use of a garden. The Welsh Springer's
coat keeps the dog comfortable in both hot and cold weather.
The Welsh Springer Spaniel is an energetic and lively dog that
needs plenty of regular exercise, including at least two good long
walks where they can run freely off the lead. Without enough exercise,
these dogs will become bored, fat and lazy and are more likely to
develop a wide variety of behavioural problems.
Around 12-15 years
The Coat of the Welsh Springer Spaniel is fairly easy to maintain
and regular brushing with a stiff bristle brush will suffice. Pay
extra attention however, when the dog is moulting. Bathe or dry
shampoo only when necessary. Check the ears regularly for grass
seeds and signs of infection. Trim the hair between the toes and
keep the nails clipped. This breed has an average moult.