In the early 1800's Bulldogs crossed with terriers were popular. By 1830 combat between Bulldogs and bulls were at the height of their popularity. Lovers of this so called "sport" decided to create a dog that would attack even more agilely. They crossed the Bulldog with the Old English Terrier adding in some Spanish Pointer blood, the result was the Bull Terrier breed. They soon found that the Bull Terriers were not the most successful fighters. In 1860 the white-coated variety, which was nicknamed the "White Cavalier" was bred by a dog dealer named English dog dealer James Hinks and soon became a fashionable pet for nobles.
The coloured variety of Bull Terriers were created by back crossing them with brindle Staffordshire’s The breed has been used as a guard, ratter, herder and watchdog. The Miniature was developed to have the same qualities as the Standard Bull Terrier but with a more manageable size. The UCK (United Kennel Club) does not place any height or weight restrictions but does require the dog to be in proportion. The Bull Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948
The Bull Terrier is a strongly built, muscular dog. The body is well round with a short strong back. The head is long and strong, oval looking in shape, almost flat at the top, sloping evenly down to the nose with no stop. The nose is black. The eyes are almond-shaped, small and deep-set, dark in colour. The ears are small, thin and close together. The long neck is very muscular, with robust shoulders.
The tail is set low and on the short side carried horizontally. The coat is dense, short, flat and harsh to the touch. The White Bull Terrier can have colour markings on the head, but no where else on the body. The Coloured Bull Terriers may be black, brindle, black-brindle, red, fawn and tri-colour with white markings.
Though this breed was once a fierce gladiator, he is much gentler now. A Bull Terrier might have a preventive effect and it might defend it's owner in a truly critical situation, but it isn't bred to be a watch dog or any kind of guard dog. Courageous, scrappy, fun-loving, active, clownish and fearless. The Bull Terrier is a loyal, polite, and obedient dog. They become very attached to their owners.
The Bull Terrier needs a solid pack leader to make decisions and take command and plenty of affection and makes a fine family pet. Bull Terriers like to be doing something and fit in well with active families where they receive a great deal of companionship and supervision. They do not do well in situations where they are left alone for 8 hours a day. With the right type of owner this breed is a joy to own, but not recommended for most households. Fond of both grown-ups and children, but if they do not get enough physical and mental stimulation they may be too energetic for small children. Children should be taught how to display leadership towards the dog. Meek owners will find them to become very protective, wilful, possessive and or jealous.
Bull Terriers may try to join into family rough housing or quarrel. They need very firm training and lots of exercise. Bull Terriers must be given a lot of structure or they could develop behavioural problems. Be sure to socialize them well and remain the alpha leader of what they consider their pack all of the time, otherwise, they can be extremely aggressive with other dogs. Males may not get along with other male dogs. They are not recommended with other pets although they can get along with other dogs. This breed can be somewhat difficult to train.
Standard Bull Terrier
Height: 51-61 cm. Weight: 20-36 kg.
Miniature Bull Terrier
Height: 25-33 cm Weight: up to 11-15 kg
Prone to slipped patella (dislocation of the kneecaps), heart defects, kidney failure and skin and flea allergies. Prone to suffer from a zinc deficiency, which can cause death. Gains weight easily. Do not overfeed. White Bull Terriers are prone to hearing problems and deafness.
Bull Terriers will do okay in small dwelling or flat if they are sufficiently exercised. They are fairly active indoors. They prefer warm climates.
This breed needs vigorous daily exercise, with at least two walks a day. The Bull Terrier has a tendency to become overweight and lazy if it is not properly exercised.
About 10-12 years
As little as 1 puppy and as many as 9 - Average 5
The Bull Terrier is easy to groom. An occasional combing and brushing will do. This breed moults twice a year. You can remove loose hair by a daily rubdown with a special rubber glove.